The Salambo Oceanographic Station (SOS) has been created by a Beycal decree in 1924 according to the model of that period. It consisted of a research laboratory, a public museum, a library, and a reference collection gathering the different marine species. In 1992 the institute name has changed to become the National Institute of Marine, Sciences and Technologies.The INSTM is actually a research public institution.
Tunisia became an IOC Member State in 1961. In 9th of March 2001, Tunisia-NODC has been created and in the same year, the INSTM library became an IC of NODC-Tunisia.